Can Jerick McKinnon Make the Leap in 2018?

May 29, 2018
Can Jerick McKinnon Make the Leap in 2018?

After letting Carlos Hyde walk this offseason, the 49ers signed Jerick McKinnon to a four-year, $30 million contract on the opening day of free agency, making him the fourth-highest paid player at his position in terms of average salary. San Francisco then ignored the running back position in April’s NFL Draft, making clear their decision to enter the 2018 season with McKinnon as their lead back.

Editor's Note: Find all our 2018 Player Profiles here.

Without ever being the featured back in an offense, what should our expectations be for McKinnon’s 2018 fantasy output?

Can Jerick McKinnon be a Workhorse Running Back?

As one of the most athletic running backs in recent history—drawing physical comparisons to LaDainian Tomlinson coming out of college—McKinnon entered the league with incredible expectations, but he has been part of a committee throughout his tenure in Minnesota. McKinnon has never handled more than 46 percent of a backfield’s carries, but his involvement in the passing game has nudged him over 200 touches in each of the last two seasons.

Jerick McKinnon Rushing/Backfield Touch Share, 2014–2017
Year G Rush Att % of Tm Touches % of Backfield
2014 11 113 33.6% 140 33.8%
2015 16 52 12.6% 73 14.9%
2016 15 159 46.5% 202 47.6%
2017 16 150 33.6% 201 37.9%

Since coming into the league in 2014, 23 percent of McKinnon’s touches have been through the air, the 20th-highest rate out of 75 qualifying running backs in that span (minimum 200 touches). While a running back who relies heavily on the passing game to accrue touches usually yields higher efficiency numbers than one that rarely catches the ball, McKinnon ranks 44th in both yards per carry (4.05) and yards per touch (4.71) since the beginning of 2014.

Efficiency metrics rarely paint a clear picture of a running back’s ability—or even have predictable value—but comparing teammates can be a starting point to understanding how effective a player is when given the ball. After leading his backfield in yards per touch in his first two years in the league, McKinnon fell behind at least one of his backfield mates in terms of efficiency in each of the last two seasons.

Jerick McKinnon Rush/Touch Efficiency vs. Teammates, 2014–2017
Player Year Att Yds Yds/Att Touches Yds/Tch
Jerick McKinnon 2014 113 538 4.76 140 4.81
Matt Asiata 2014 164 570 3.48 208 4.24
Jerick McKinnon 2015 52 271 5.21 73 6.08
Adrian Peterson 2015 327 1485 4.54 357 4.78
Matt Asiata 2016 121 402 3.32 153 4.35
Jerick McKinnon 2016 159 539 3.39 202 3.93
Dalvin Cook 2017 74 354 4.78 85 5.22
Jerick McKinnon 2017 150 570 3.80 201 4.93
Latavius Murray 2017 216 842 3.90 231 4.09

Pointing to McKinnon’s pedestrian efficiency numbers isn’t to write his death certificate as a potential featured back, though. In his first two seasons, the Vikings offensive line ranked in the top half of the league in Football Outsiders' adjusted line yards; in 2016 and 2017, their line ranked 19th and 30th, respectively. As stated before, McKinnon has the stature and athleticism of proven backs. Efficiency metrics largely revert to the league mean, and there is some precedent for running backs starting their careers as role players before switching teams and immediately becoming effective workhorse backs. See below for a few examples.

From Role Player to Workhorse RB
Player Year Age Tm G GS Touches PPR
Chester Taylor 2002 23 BAL 15 2 47 51.1
2003 24 BAL 16 1 83 72.8
2004 25 BAL 16 4 190 131.8
2005 26 BAL 15 1 158 124.9
2006 27 MIN 15 15 345 228.4
Justin Forsett 2009 24 SEA 16 2 155 167.9
2010 25 SEA 16 5 151 122.5
2011 26 SEA 16 0 69 56.3
2012 27 HOU 16 0 66 50.2
2013 28 JAX 9 0 21 26.3
2014 29 BAL 16 14 279 244.9
Lamont Jordan 2002 24 NYJ 14 0 101 82.6
2003 25 NYJ 16 0 57 64.1
2004 26 NYJ 16 0 108 86.1
2005 27 OAK 14 14 342 294.8
Michael Turner 2004 22 SDG 14 1 24 15.2
2005 23 SDG 16 0 57 51.5
2006 24 SDG 13 0 83 69.9
2007 25 SDG 16 0 75 43.2
2008 26 ATL 16 16 382 282.0

Of course, for every success story, there is a Toby Gerhart who never lived up to his new team’s expectations, but McKinnon’s situation surely isn’t unexplored territory. Maybe as important as the back himself is whether McKinnon is going to an offense that can support a top-tier fantasy running back.

How Does McKinnon Fit In Kyle Shanahan's Offense?

Kyle Shanahan has spent 10 seasons in the NFL as an offensive coordinator or head coach, but he’s been the primary playcaller for just four of those teams. The following is a snapshot of how Shanahan has used his running backs in those four seasons.

Kyle Shanahan Team RB Per-Game Averages, 2014–2017
Year Rushes Receptions Total Yards PPR FP % of Team Touches
2014 26.6 1.8 114.0 19.4 61.3%
2015 23.9 6.1 144.9 26.7 58.2%
2016 23.7 5.8 168.9 32.0 59.7%
2017 22.4 7.1 144.4 25.8 61.1%
Kyle Shanahan RB1 Per-Game Averages, 2014–2017
Year Player Games Rushes Receptions Total Yards PPR FP % of RB Touches
2014 Terrance West 14 12.2 0.8 52.6 8.1 40.1%
2015 Devonta Freeman 15 17.7 4.9 108.9 21.1 70.6%
2016 Devonta Freeman 16 14.2 3.4 96.3 17.8 59.5%
2017 Carlos Hyde 16 15.0 3.7 80.6 14.7 63.5%

Shanahan’s backfields have ranked in the top half of the league in terms of percentage of total team touches in each of the last four seasons. In two of those years, he has given a running back roughly two-thirds or more of those backfield touches. In other words, there are typically going to be plenty of touches to go around in a Shanahan backfield but he won’t force either a committee or a lead back.

Running back volume can be greatly impacted by game flow so it’s often best to look at how playcallers manage their offenses in neutral game script (when the game is within a single touchdown). Over the course of his play-calling career, Shanahan has run right at the league average (42.4%) in neutral game script, but San Francisco ranked 24th in that category last season, running 40.5 percent of the time.

With Jimmy Garoppolo under center for the entire season, could Shanahan slant even more towards the pass in 2018?

What Could Hurt McKinnon’s Upside?

New Quarterback, New Offense

Introducing a potential franchise quarterback into an offense might lead to assumptions that a team will be more pass-heavy than that offense without a good quarterback, but there’s little evidence to suggest the 49ers will suddenly turn into the Lions overnight. In 2017, San Francisco passed 62 percent of the time without Garoppolo under center and 53 percent with Jimmy GQ at quarterback. They also lost Pierre Garcon early in Week 8 last season—with Garcon on the field, the 49ers threw 63 percent of the time compared to 56 percent without their number one wide receiver.

Probably the most important factor to Shanahan’s pass/run splits last year, though, was wins. San Francisco won six of their final seven games, with four of those wins coming by double digits. Depending on which sportsbook you look at, the 49ers are currently projected for 8.5–9 wins, ranked in the top third of the league. Even if San Francisco fails to live up to their win expectation, McKinnon’s heavy involvement in the passing game should make him relatively immune to game flow.

Given the chance to improve their pass-catchers this offseason, the 49ers mostly stood pat—San Francisco didn’t pursue any high-profile wide receivers in free agency. While they did add a receiver early in the draft, pass-catchers rarely offer much production in their rookie campaigns.

Competition for Touches

As for the 49ers' backup running backs, there isn’t a player on the roster who should keep McKinnon from seeing a workload similar to that of Carlos Hyde last year. Matt Breida posted a respectable 4.4 yards per rush on 105 carries last season and saw double-digit touches seven times. Five of those games came in the final seven weeks of the season—spots where the 49ers were often in a run-first game script. Joe Williams is a player Shanahan traded up to get in last year’s draft, but he never saw the field after injuring his foot in training camp. Pre-draft reports this offseason suggest the second-year back, “faces an uphill battle for a roster spot”. Unless San Francisco signs another running back or there is a surprise star in training camp, this backfield should share touches much like it’s 2017 iteration.

McKinnon’s Range of Outcomes

With 65 percent of San Francisco’s backfield touches available from 2017, and a playcaller who has traditionally offered his running backs a relatively high touch share, Jerick McKinnon is set up to have a breakout 2018 campaign. There is little competition for touches and he’s joining a team trending in a winning direction with an offensive line similar to the quality McKinnon ran behind in his first two years in the league. As a primary playcaller, Shanahan has never overseen a backfield with fewer than 450 total touches, and that number has trended up as his teams have improved. With 450 backfield touches as a baseline, we can use various touch share numbers to get a realistic range of outcomes for McKinnon’s workload.

Jerick McKinnon 2018 Range of Outcomes, Total Touches
450 RB Touches 475 RB Touches 500 RB Touches 525 RB Touches
55% of RB Touches 248 261 275 289
60% of RB Touches 270 285 300 315
65% of RB Touches 293 309 325 341
70% of RB Touches 315 333 350 368

Bottom Line

Only six running backs saw at least 300 touches in 2017, but that number is in the crosshairs for McKinnon this season. Even conservative projections point towards a workload that puts the 49ers' new running back squarely in RB1 territory. Currently going as the 15th running back off the board, according to post-NFL Draft ADP, McKinnon still has room to outperform his asking price, and the top of his range of outcomes implies a player who could prove to be a league-winner.

Photo by Michael Zagaris/Getty Images.

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