Characteristics of an Early-Round Bust

Characteristics of an Early-Round Bust

As drafters, we expect our first couple picks to be automatic, players who will sit atop any roster at the end of the season. Their contribution should be impactful, one that can be counted on every time they take the football field. Of course, it wouldn’t be fantasy football without an early-round player getting injured during the preseason or the first couple of weeks of the regular season, sending them to the sidelines for a significant amount of games, or even ending their entire season before it even began.

Sadly, those premature injuries are an inevitable part of the game, something fantasy owners really can’t do anything about. But what about the guys who are drafted within the first few rounds who just don’t pan out as expected? That significant drop in points can easily be a difference maker throughout the season, considering those players' projections were among the top in the league. If we could somehow predict which players forecasted among the first two rounds would falter, or produce much less than their expectations, we could get an edge on the competition and save ourselves some heartache along the way. 

When examining the characteristics of an early-round bust, I decided to look at players who were selected in rounds one and two from 2015 to 2018, in an attempt to find any correlations in their seasons. For this article, only WRs and RBs were used, as their sample size is much larger in these rounds, plus elite QBs and TEs very rarely bust unless they’re off the shelf due to injury. In order to get candidates with true fantasy failures, all players must have been on the field for at least 10 games that season, eliminating players with significant injuries. To qualify as a bust, players must have ended the season at least 10 spots below their positional average draft position (ADP) and/or posted at least 100 points below their projected output.

Running Backs

Despite the flack RBs have received as early-round candidates in recent years, only seven backs fit the criteria outlined above from 2015 through the 2018 season:

RB Busts (2015-2018)
Player Year Team ADP POS ADP END RANK PPR POINTS
Eddie Lacy 2015 GBP 1.04 RB3 RB33 140.6
C.J. Anderson 2015 DEN 1.11 RB6 RB31 141.3
Jeremy Hill 2015 CIN 2.02 RB8 RB20 168.3
Lamar Miller 2016 HOU 1.10 RB4 RB19 191.1
Jay Ajayi 2017 MIA/PHI 2.02 RB7 RB36 135.1
DeMarco Murray 2017 TEN 2.03 RB8 RB20 171.5
Dalvin Cook 2018 MIN 2.04 RB11 RB30 152.0

Poor Offensive Lines, Lack of Targets, or Just Not Very Good?

Looking at 2015, three RBs earned a spot at the early-round-underperformer table: Eddie Lacy, C.J. Anderson, and Jeremy Hill. Lacy’s ADP was an inflated 1.04 after Adrian Peterson, Antonio Brown, and LeVeon Bell that season. What should have been an RB3 scenario for the third-year back, ended with just 758 rushing yards and five total touchdowns—enough to finish as the RB33 in PPR points. The Packers offense was mediocre, finishing 15th in total offense and 27th in yards per play. Perhaps their offensive line was to blame, as Aaron Rodgers was sacked 46 times in 2015, the fifth-most in the league. Lacy’s target deficiency may have also played a part in his underwhelming numbers. With only 28 total, the Packers RB ended 2015 as the 51st-most targeted RB in the NFL, something a top-tier RB rarely finds success with.

C.J. Anderson was on the Super Bowl-winning Broncos offense in 2015, yet ended the season as the RB31 in PPR points. Coming off a year where he posted RB10 numbers, Anderson’s ADP was 1.11, the sixth-highest at his position. What went wrong for the third-year back? It appears as though Denver’s porous offensive line could have played a part here, as the tandem of Peyton Manning and Brock Osweiler was sacked 39 times, the 13th-most in the NFL, inhibiting Anderson from gaining any ground. He also only averaged 11.8 touches per game, 42nd among RBs that season.

Jeremy Hill is an interesting one, as he led his offense in rushing yards, was 13th in total touches among RBs, but posted a pedestrian 3.6 rushing yards per attempt. The Bengals were first in the AFC North with a 12-4 record and ranked seventh in total offense in the league. Is it possible he just wasn’t that good at football? I’m going with yes.

Lamar Miller was the only RB in 2016 to bear the bust moniker. As the fourth RB off the board at 1.10, Miller ended the season as the RB19 in total PPR points, averaging just 13.7 per contest. Once again, a rough offensive line that allowed the 22nd-most sacks came into play. Having Brock Osweiler under center didn’t exactly help either. Surprisingly, Miller’s 21.4 touches per game were among the most in the league in 2016, yet he couldn’t get it done with a mediocre 4.0 rushing yards per attempt. Like the others, his targets were on the low end, ranking a disappointing 34th among backs that season.

2017 saw two RBs not meet the expectations of their elevated ADPs. Jay Ajayi was drafted at the start of the second round, with an ADP of 2.02. He played for two different teams, after being traded from the Dolphins to the Eagles midway through the season. In Miami, Ajayi averaged 19.7 attempts per game only to be reduced to 10 per contest in Philadelphia. Offensive line was not an issue for either team. It appears that a lack of targets could have been his downfall. With only 34 total targets on the season, Ajayi ranked 46th at his position, as he was thrown to nearly 80 times less than the RB target leaders. In turn, he tumbled 29 spots in positional ADP and put up more than 120 PPR points fewer than projected at the start of 2017.  

Similar to Hill above, DeMarco Murray’s slide seems to be more of a lack of elite talent, as opposed to a system issue. The Titans ranked 15th in rushing and 19th in total offense in 2017, clinching a Wild Card spot with their 9-7 record. We can blame some of Murray’s lack of production on his target share, as he ended the season as the RB20 in overall targets, however, he led Tennessee’s backfield, nearly tripling the number of targets that sophomore Derrick Henry saw.

Last season, Dalvin Cook was the lone bust across both positions. He barely makes the cut due to time spent on the sidelines, but the Vikings' RB still managed to play for 11 contests, so he's in. Minnesota's offensive line was an issue in 2018, allowing Kirk Cousins to get sacked the 18th-most times in the league, which rarely bodes well for a productive backfield. However, Cook's fall from his RB11 ADP down to an RB30 finish can most likely be attributed to his early season absence due to a hamstring injury. Upon return in Week 9 til the end of the season, Cook averaged 15.6 PPR points a game, good enough for RB11 overall.  

Wide Receivers

Nine wideouts earned the chance to hear Maury Povich say "You are not a WR1" from 2015-2018, and here’s a look at how they potentially got there:

WR Busts (2015-2018)
Player Year Team ADP POS ADP END RANK PPR POINTS
Randall Cobb 2015 GBP 2.04 WR7 WR26 202.9
DeAndre Hopkins 2016 HOU 1.06 WR5 WR25 197.4
Allen Robinson 2016 JAX 1.09 WR6 WR26 197.3
Brandon Marshall 2016 NYJ 2.01 WR7 WR49 156.7
Alshon Jeffery 2016 CHI 2.10 WR13 WR55 146.1
Mike Evans 2017 TBB 1.08 WR4 WR17 201.1
Jordy Nelson 2017 GBP 1.11 WR6 WR46 137.2
Dez Bryant 2017 DAL 2.08 WR9 WR24 186.5
Amari Cooper 2017 OAK 2.09 WR10 WR35 158.4

Bad Offenses, Bad QBs, and Straight Up Bad Play

2015 gives us Randall Cobb, who was the seventh WR off the board at 2.04. Instead of a top-10 finish, the Packers WR ended the year as the WR26 in PPR fantasy points, averaging just 12.7 per game. Despite having arguably one of the greatest QBs in the NFL under center, Green Bay’s passing offense ranked 25th in 2015, with Rodgers personally sitting as the QB30 in yards per attempt and 26th in completion percentage. Can we blame Cobb’s slippage on the poor play of Rodgers in 2015? I think I just did. His wideout didn't exactly help, though, as Cobb posted a paltry 51.8 reception yards per game, and his 61.2% catch rate was 124th among pass-catchers. 

Four WRs didn’t make the grade in 2016: DeAndre Hopkins, Allen Robinson, Brandon Marshall, and Alshon Jeffery. One thing all four have in common? Brutally bad offenses. In Hopkins’ case, the Texans actually won the AFC South and a playoff game, but still managed to end the season ranked 29th in both team and passing offenses. Brock Osweiler’s 2.9% TD rate was just two away from dead last among QBs, and he owned the basement spot in yards per attempt. Even with Nuk’s insane talent, one can’t overcome dreadful QB play.

While not in the same situation when it came to his team’s end of season result, Robinson met the same fate in the QB department. The Jaguars went 3-13 in 2016, with the NFL’s 25th-ranked team offense. Even all the garbage time theatrics couldn’t elevate Blake Bortles from his post as the third-worst QB both in yards per attempt and completion percentage. ARob dropped 20 spots from his WR6 ADP to where he eventually finished the season in PPR points as the WR26.

The Jets were a smidge better record-wise in 2016, yet still struggled offensively. With Ryan Fitzpatrick as the signal-caller, New York’s team offense ranked 30th, with the 27th-ranked passing offense. The NFL’s journeyman extraordinaire sat within the bottom four of almost all passing categories from 2016, including yards per attempt, adjusted yards per passing attempt, TD rate, and completion percentage. Marshall was the seventh WR off the board at 2.01 and brutally finished as the WR49 in PPR points. His output was nearly 100 points fewer than projected for a wideout at his ADP.

It seems Jeffery was carnage stemming from a poor Bears QB committee in 2016. The insipid trio of Matt Barkley, Brian Hoyer, and Jay Cutler combined for a 3.2% TD rate, good enough for 24th among QBs that season. While Jeffery did miss four games due to a banned substance violation, he was still in the lower end of the league in production when on the field. His 4.3 receptions per game ranked 48th, while his 55.3% catch rate came in at a disappointing 157th among receivers.

In 2017 we saw another four WRs within the top 10 taken at their position who failed to finish in that same elite category. Mike Evans is sort of a head-scratcher, as the Bucs' passing offense was ranked fourth in the NFL in 2017. He was the top fantasy producer in his offense, yet he ended the season as the WR17 in PPR points. Jameis Winston missed three games, but was fairly effective while on the field, ranking within the top 10 in the majority of QB statistical categories. Evans seems to have gotten in his own way in 2017, as his 52.2% catch rate was 182nd among pass-catchers. Also, despite finishing 11th at his position in targets, he averaged only 4.7 receptions per game.

Jordy Nelson had Brett Hundley tossing the rock for 11 games, translating to a 25th-ranked passing offense for the Packers in 2017. While on the field, Hundley was the fourth-worst in TD rate, second-worst in yards per attempt, and ranked 23rd in completion percentage. Rodgers’ numbers were up to par for his standard of play, but that can only go so far in just seven games. Nelson didn’t exactly make lemonade from the Hundley situation, as his catch rate was a disappointing 60.2% (130th among pass-catchers). His drop from WR6 to WR46 was a huge one, as his final output was over 100 PPR points fewer than projected during draft season.

People are still arguing if Dez Bryant’s fall stemmed from a sophomore slide by QB Dak Prescott or simply a loss in step from the veteran wideout. Prescott’s numbers were serviceable, ranking 13th in completion percentage, 19th in yards per attempt, and 16th in total passing yards. However, Bryant’s numbers weren’t so favorable. His 52.3% catch rate ranked 179th among all pass-catchers, while his 12.1 yards per reception ranked 59th. The targets were there, as Bryant posted WR12 numbers in that department, but in the end, he finished as the WR24 in PPR points—15 spots away from his draft day ADP.

Amari Cooper ended the season 25 spots from his WR10 ADP, with an 81-point differential than projected at the start of 2017. What went wrong for the third-year wideout? Derek Carr’s back injury affected him more than he led on, and their 23rd-ranked offense suffered as a result. Carr sat in the lower half of the league in nearly every statistical category, which makes it tough for a WR to achieve elite fantasy status. Cooper was also second to Michael Crabtree in targets with 96 and fourth on the Raiders’ offense in target rate per snap. His 50% catch rate didn't exactly help him, as it put him 190th in the league among receivers.

Potential 2019 Busts

Only one name sticks out when looking at players currently being drafted in the first and second rounds, and that's Antonio Brown. Now wearing the Raiders silver and black, Brown finds himself in an offense that is certainly bust-worthy. Last year Oakland ended dead-last in scoring offense, 28th in overall team offense and 18th in passing offense. Justin Edwards has the Raiders offensive line ranked 20th in the league heading into the season, which is another negative in Brown's draft column. Derek Carr's measly 13.4 fantasy points per game in 2018 put him 30th among QBs, and there's not much evidence to show that he'll sling it any better in 2019. 

Bottom Line

If drafting a running back in the first few rounds, which seems on trend for this season, be sure to check out their offensive line. It’s tough to produce if the offense can’t get a play off and their quarterback is on the ground. Also, targets matter. They always matter.

Wideouts are only as good as the quarterback throwing them the ball, regardless of freakish talent. Sure, athletic ability can get them so far, but to count on the numbers expected from an early-round draft pick, the signal-caller under center is certainly a factor. Look for solid quarterbacks in respectable offenses.

Let your league mates grab the big names in not-so-great situations and instead focus on players who are set up for success not only physically, but by the competency of their teammates.

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